The concept of “parda” or “hijab” (modesty and covering) is of significant importance in Islam and is rooted in the Quran and Hadith (the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him). The importance of parda in Islam encompasses both physical covering and modest behavior. Here are some key points regarding the significance of parda in Islam:
- Quranic Basis: The Quran emphasizes modesty in dress and behavior. In Surah An-Nur (24:31), Muslim women are specifically instructed to draw their headcovers (khimars) over their chests and to be modest in their attire. Modesty is encouraged for both men and women in various Quranic verses.
- Protection of Dignity: Parda is seen as a means to protect a person’s dignity, honor, and privacy. It is a way to safeguard against indecency, maintain personal integrity, and avoid situations that could lead to inappropriate behavior.
Read Also: Hijab – Parda Article in Urdu
- Preservation of Family and Society: Modesty in dress and behavior is considered essential for maintaining healthy family relationships and a virtuous society. It helps protect the sanctity of marriages and prevents immoral behavior.
- Respect for Others: Modesty and parda also demonstrate respect for others. By dressing and behaving modestly, individuals avoid causing discomfort or temptation to others.
- Spiritual Development: Modesty is a reflection of a person’s piety and devotion to God. It helps individuals maintain a sense of God-consciousness (taqwa) and fosters self-discipline.
- Obedience to Allah: Observing parda is considered an act of obedience to Allah’s commands, as mentioned in the Quran and Hadith. Muslims believe that obeying these commands leads to spiritual growth and the attainment of Allah’s pleasure.
- Different Forms of Parda: Parda encompasses both physical covering, such as wearing the hijab (headscarf) by women, and modest clothing, as well as modest behavior, speech, and interactions. It also includes lowering one’s gaze and avoiding inappropriate mixing of unrelated men and women.
- Freedom and Empowerment: Many Muslim women view the choice to wear the hijab as an expression of their religious freedom and empowerment. It allows them to define themselves by their character and intellect rather than their physical appearance.