Islamic holidays are based on the Islamic lunar calendar, with different dates from year to year because the Islamic calendar is shorter than the Gregorian calendar. Here are some of the major Muslim holidays:
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر): This celebration marks the end of the fasting holy month of Ramadan. It is a day to celebrate, fill and feast. The date is determined by the appearance of the new moon.
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Eid al-Adha (عيد الأضحى): Also known as the Feast of Sacrifice, it commemorates the Prophet Ibrahim’s (Abraham) willingness to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God The Feast involves the sacrifice of an animal (usually a sheep or goat) and the distribution of its meat family, friends and less fortunate.
Islamic New Year (Ras as-Sanah al-Hijriyah): This marks the beginning of the Islamic lunar calendar year. The Islamic year is known as the Hijri or Hijra and begins with the migration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from Mecca to Medina.
12 Rabi-ul-Awal (المولد النبوي):It is celebrated to celebrate the birth of Islam’s Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The date varies among different Muslim traditions, and some Muslims choose not to celebrate becasue there are conflict of birth day date but its confirm MUhammad PBUH died on 12th of Rabi ul awal.
Lailat al-Miraj (لیلة المعراج): Also known as the Night Journey, it commemorates the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) ascension to the heavens. The exact date is not universally agreed upon.
Day of Arafat (يوم عرفة):This day falls on the 9th day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah and is observed by pilgrims during the Hajj pilgrimage. It is a day of standing in prayer on the plain of Arafat.
Day of Ashura (10th Muharram):
The 10th day of Muharram, known as Ashura, is a significant day for both Sunni and Shia Muslims, albeit for different reasons.
- For Sunni Muslims, it commemorates the day when Prophet Moses (Musa) and the Israelites were saved from Pharaoh by God. It is recommended to fast on this day, either the 9th and 10th or the 10th and 11th of Muharram, to express gratitude.
- For Shia Muslims, Ashura is a day of mourning and remembrance of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), at the Battle of Karbala. This event is particularly important in Shia Islam, and many engage in mourning rituals, processions, and speeches to remember the sacrifice of Imam Hussein.